Milo RAU

Artiste Associé à l’EASTAP pour 2018-2019

Metteur en scène (Suisse)

Le théâtre à venir

 

 

English follows

Depuis 20 ans, Milo Rau travaille sur ce qu’il appelle “Le Réalisme Global”, un art entre représentation et activisme, entre catharsis et utopie. Plus de 50 pièces de théâtre, films, livres et expositions ont été produits jusqu’à présent, des procès de peuple symboliques (par exemple  “Le Tribunal sur le Congo“) aux pièces classiques d’acteurs (par exemple  “Lénine“) et du théâtre narratif (“La Trilogie sur l’Europe“) à la création de partis politiques (“City of Change”). Avec le “Manifeste de Gand” et en devenant directeur artistique d’un grand théâtre  (le NTGent), Milo Rau tente maintenant de donner à son idée d’un théâtre politique, démocratique et global un ensemble de règles et une institution. Comment combiner performance et jeu d’acteur, engagement et art ? Comment créer des classiques modernes ? À quoi ressemblera le théâtre du XXIe siècle, et qui le fera ?

Milo Rau est né à Berne, en Suisse en 1977. Il étudie la sociologie auprès de Pierre Bourdieu et Tzvetan Todorov, ainsi que les littératures allemandes et romanes à Paris, Zurich et Berlin. Tout d’abord journaliste, ses premiers voyages et reportages se déroulent au Chiapas ainsi qu’à Cuba en 1997. À partir de 2000, Rau travaille comme auteur au sein de la Neue Zürcher Zeitung, un groupe de presse suisse qui édite le journal du même nom puis il entame en 2003 sa carrière de metteur en scène en Suisse tout d’abord et, par la suite, à l’étranger. Il fonde, en 2007, la compagnie de théâtre et maison de production cinématographique IIPM – International Institute of Political Murder, destinée à produire ses créations et à les diffuser à l’étranger. Rau qualifie sa pratique de « théâtre du réel » dicté par une démarche documentaire et un profond engagement social et politique. Depuis sa fondation, l’IIPM – International Institute of Political Murder se consacre au traitement multimédia de conflits sociopolitiques historiques. La compagnie a porté à la scène des sujets tels que l’exécution de Nicolae et Elena Ceausescu (The Last Days of the Ceausescus), le génocide rwandais et l’implication de la station radiophonique mille collines dans celui-ci (Hate Radio), et la déclaration du terroriste norvégien Anders B. Breivik (Breivik’s Statement). Au printemps 2013, l’IIPM crée une forme théâtrale à la fois novatrice et engagée, en mettant en scène pendant deux jours un procès fictif (The Moscow Trials et The Zurich Trials) pour  créer par la suite The Congo Tribunal (2015). Avec The Civil Wars (2014), la compagnie lance un projet d’envergure, The Europe Trilogy, qui se poursuit avec The Dark Ages en 2015 pour s’achever en septembre 2016 avec Empire. Enfin, dans Five Easy Pieces (2016) et The 120 Days of Sodom (2017), Rau et l’IIPM travaillent avec des enfants dans le premier cas et avec des personnes en situation de handicap dans le second.

 

Milo RAU

Stage Director (Switzerland)

The Theatre to Come

For 20 years Milo Rau has been working on what he calls “Global Realism“, a theatre between representation and activism, between catharsis and utopia. More than 50 plays, films, books and exhibitions have been produced so far, ranging from symbolic people trials (for example “The Congo Tribunal“) to classical actors plays (for example “Lenin”) and from narrative theatre (“The Europe Trilogy”) to the creation of political parties (“City of Change”). With the “Ghent Manifesto” and on becoming artistic director of the NTGent, Milo Rau now tries to give his idea of a political, democratic, global theatre a set of rules and an institution. How can performance and acting theatre, political engagement and art be combined? How can modern classics be created? What will the theatre of the 21st century look like, and who will create it?

Milo Rau was born in Bern, Switzerland in 1977. He studied sociology under Pierre Bourdieu and Tzvetan Todorrov, as well as German and Norman literature in Paris, Zurich, and Berlin. He began as a journalist, travelling to Chiapas and Cuba in 1997 for his first assignments. By 2000, Rau was working as a writer for Neue Zürcher Zeitung, a Swiss press association that published a daily newspaper of the same name. He started his career as a director in 2003, initially working in Switzerland, and then later internationally. In 2007, he founded the theatrical company and production house IIPM – International Institute of Politcal Murder, in order to produce his works and present them internationally.

Rau describes his theatrical practices as a “theatre of the real,” guided by a documentary approach and a deep social and political engagement. Since its foundation, IIPM – International Institute of Political Murder has focused on multimedia treatments of historical sociopolitical conflicts. The company has brought to the stage such subjects as the executions of Nicolae et Elena Ceausescu (The Last Days of the Ceausescus), the involvement of the mille collines radio station in the Rwandan genocide (Hate Radio), and the testimony of the Norwegian terrorist Anders B. Breivik (Breivik’s Statement). In the spring of 2013, the IIPM created a new form of theatre that was both innovative and engaging, staging a fictional trial over the course of two days (The Moscow Trials and The Zurich Trials), followed by the creation of The Congo Tribunal in 2015. In 2014, the company began The Europe Trilogy, a project on a much larger-scale, with The Civil Wars, followed by The Dark Ages in 2015, and concluding in September 2016 with Empire. Finally, in Five Easy Pieces (2016) and The 120 Days of Sodom (2017), Rau and the IIPM worked, in the first case, with children, and in the second, with disabled individuals.

In addition to his work as a producer and director, Milo Rau gives seminars on directing actors, cultural theory, and social sculpture at universities and art schools. His political essay Was tun? Kritik der postmodernen Vernunft (What Is to Be Done? A Critique of Postmodern Reason) became a bestseller and was chosen as the best political work by the German newspaper taz – die tageszeitung.

In 2017, he was appointed to the Saarbrucken Poetry Lectureship for Drama and became a regular member of a group of experts at the Literaturclub, along with Elke Heidenreich, Rüdiger Safranski and Martin Ebel. Milo Rau is currently among the most important directors in theatre, although he remains controversial both for the subject matter he brings to the stage and for his aesthetic choices.